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Import Quotas in International Shipping

In international shipping import quotas is the set of numbers for specific items that would be allowed to com to the United States.

Import Quotas is always set by international shipping COMMODITY (1) and COUNTRY (2).

Import Quotas encourage or discourage the amount of internationally shipping goods that importing in the USA.

Two types of import quotas in international shipping:

  1. Absolute import quota (Example: Says that it is allowed for import from China 100,000 t-shirts. That' it. No more);
  2. Tariff quota in international shipping (Example: Says that it is allowed for import from China 100,000 t-shirts PER YEAR duty free. Thereafter duty is $.5 per t-shirt).

Importer can submit an import quota entry on the day when the quota is opened. Either:

  1. Submit the entry and entry summary to the customs (if there are clerical errors, etc then the entry has no legal status) or;
  2. For preliminary review (no legal status).

Import Quota entry in international shipping can be submitted trough ABI (Automated Broker Interface) or ACH (Automated Cleaners House).


However, everything in the entry must be in proper order. I.e. Entry and Entry Summary with duty check attached in proper form. No clerical errors etc. It is called TIME-OF-FILING: When CF7501 is filed in proper international shipping form.

There are cases when import quota opens and closes in one minute. It officially opened at 12 noon Eastern Standard time on the designated effective date. See on the example:

Import Quota for internationally shipping Chinese t-shirt import is 1,000,000 t-shirts.
20 Chinese companies brought entries in proper form for 2,000,000 t-shirts.
Then import quota opened and closed instantly.

2,000,000 requires
1,000,000 allowed by the quota
then it prorates for 50% for all those companies on EQUAL PERCENTAGE. No matter who and how many international shipping product is importing.

Customs takes 7501, changes it to those quantity by prorated 50% and gives it back to importers.
Importer has 5 WORKING DAYS to change (retype) the 7501 to the proper number.
- If they late, then they loose the import quota status completely.
- If it is approved then importer must take physical possession on the international shipping merchandise WITHIN 15 WORKING DAYS.

Over-quota situations in international shipping:

Let's say importer brought to customs a quantity of international shipping goods that exceed the import quota. (Brought 200,000 items, but quota allows for import 20,000 only), then:

A. If it is ABSOLUTE IMPORT QUOTA (no other choice):

B. If it is TARIFF RATE IMPORT QUOTA - then he can do with the rest the same as above (1) OR import the rest under the normal over-quota international shipping duty rate (2).

IMMEDIATE DELIVERY is NOT available for items, which are close to closing import quota.

If it is TARIFF IMPORT QUOTA then importer may:

  1. Pay full international shipping duty and wait until Customs refund money for import quotas part (However it takes a long time);
  2. Keep it in bonded warehouse and take a part upon new import quota and/or the rest for the normal international shipping import quota rates.

If it is ABSOLUTE IMPORT QUOTA then you CANNOT make any release until you qualified for the absolute import quota.

IMPORT DUMPING in international shipping

IN FINE DUMPING - countries importing goods into the U.S. for ridicules low prices. Example: international shipping steel/importing. DUMPING - the same as above but subsidized by a foreign government. Example: Airbuses.

In both cases U.S. Government assigns cases to each particular international shipping event and investigates it. If internationally shipping items are imported during that investigation, then there are NO extra duty on it. However, if a dumping is discovered and the case is done, then the rest goes against the bond.

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